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The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is located in Southeast Asia, in Indochina. The name of the country literally means "the country of the Vieta in the south", referring to the titular nation. For the first time this word sounded in the 16th century. But until 1945, the country was called Annam. The Vietnamese have a rich history. Ancient tribes settled this territory 3 thousand years ago, at the same time their first kingdoms arose here.
For a long time, the territory of Vietnam was under the control of various Chinese dynasties, until at the end of the 19th century it became a French colony. During the Second World War, the Japanese invaded the country, and after their defeat, taking advantage of the power vacuum, the Communists announced the creation of an independent state - a democratic republic. In the 1940-1970s, wars did not subside on the territory of Vietnam. Only in 1976 did the North and South merge into a single Socialist Republic.
Vietnam is home to 92 million people today. This is a poor country, half of the inhabitants are engaged in agriculture. It is worth dispelling the main myths about Vietnam and looking at it objectively.
Vietnam is not safe because of the Khmer Rouge. Interestingly, at the same time, few people generally understand what these Khmers look like and what they do. But there is a persistent fear that these bandits are stealing tourists and taking them into the jungle. Cambodian Khmers fought with the Viets back in the distant 1970s-80s, so now they are not interested in local residents, and even more so in tourists. It is no coincidence that in 2004 Vietnam was recognized as the safest country for tourists in the Asia-Pacific region. And this is really a fact.
The Vietnamese are hostile to tourists. Of all nations, this one can be considered the most friendly. Tourists shout at the Vietnamese, threaten them with fists, stamp their feet, and they only smile modestly in response and ask for forgiveness. But it is not worth crossing the line and applying physical influence. If the Arabs in the conflict can behave emotionally and aggressively, but after the first blow they calm down and seek salvation, then the Vietnamese are the absolute opposite. Until you touch them, they behave shyly, but as soon as they start a fight, several people immediately get involved in it. And the winner will not be able to get out of the battle, even the Americans chose not to mess with the stubborn Vietnamese. But they are not the first to get into a fight, usually drunk tourists start it. So, if there are stormy people in the company, you can expect problems. It must be remembered that you are visiting, and then a smile and friendliness will help you find a way out of any situation.
Vietnam has a high crime rate. It is believed that due to the low standard of living in Vietnam, many are forced to earn money by criminals. However, criminal gangs and mafia do not exist here for the reason that the country is a real police state. Law enforcers on the street are not striking, but this does not mean that they are not here. Many police officers wear plain clothes. The authorities keep an eye on any cafe, disco or hotel. And her task is simple - maximum comfort and safety of tourists. And the police do a great job with that. In any case, it is worth exercising reasonable care - do not leave your wallet unattended and do not show all your money to strangers. To store valuables, hotels offer safes, you can take a small amount of money with you to the beach.
There are many prostitutes in Vietnam. Those who are looking for sexual adventures and the company of lady fights should go to neighboring Thailand. And in socialist Vietnam, such behavior is not encouraged, for this they can be expelled from the Komsomol, harshly, but quite rightly. It is considered reprehensible for a girl to engage in prostitution. So lovers of paid love will have to try a lot and travel around the country to find such entertainment for themselves. It is easier to find a prostitute in big cities - not all girls are in the Komsomol. But sex tourism in the conventional sense has never existed and never has. Vietnam in general looks like a puritanical country, young people even bathe in shorts and a T-shirt, couples meet for several years without sexual relations. Whoever really seeks will find what is required. But the Vietnamese prefer to love sincerely, doing it with all their hearts, as well as participating in fights. You cannot even find photographs of fallen women in the country, but you can find images of girls in virgin national dresses.
Dangerous diseases are widespread in Vietnam. It is up to the tourist to decide whether or not to do numerous vaccinations for himself before going to Southeast Asia. But there are no exotic diseases in Vietnam, you can not be afraid for this. Of the tropical plagues, only mosquito-borne Dengue fever is possible. But there is no vaccine for it. Only insect repellents will help. Malaria is very rare in Vietnam. Cases of infection were noted in wild and sparsely populated areas, or the virus was brought from Cambodia. But in big cities or in popular resorts, this disease has been completely eliminated. Again, it is up to each person to decide whether to get the malaria vaccine. It's just that the likelihood of side effects outweighs the possibility of picking up malaria.
Food poisoning occurs regularly in Vietnam. This is absolutely not true. You should be careful about dairy products, they can be expired even in an expensive restaurant. But such food is not popular among the Vietnamese themselves; it is found only in European restaurants. Even in a roadside cafe, food will be of high quality, because such a business is a family business, and usually it feeds people. Therefore, the quality of food is approached responsibly. Anyway, Vieta are a clean nation, differing from many of their neighbors. We should thank the French colonists for this. You won't find dirty dishes and unwashed glasses here. In restaurants, fresh tablecloths and napkins are on the tables. And you can avoid food poisoning using a proven method - washing your hands before eating and not drinking tap water. The bottled version is inexpensive.
In Vietnam, a tourist has nothing to keep himself busy. Everyone has their own hobbies and interests. People come here more for a relaxing holiday. In the morning, tourists usually go to the beach. Here, on the warm sand next to the clear sea, you can spend the whole morning. Daytime is often given to excursions. Why not visit the famous Vin Pearl amusement park in Vietnam? The very journey there by cable car will already become an exciting adventure. An adult day ticket costs about $ 22. At the Ay Resot mud resort, you can swim in mineral water, take herbal baths, enjoy the pools and waterfalls. And what man can resist fishing on the lake from cute bungalows? The helpful Vietnamese will prepare fresh fish on the spot. Any tourist will find an excursion to his liking, but you should not agree to all the offers of the tour operator - he will take double the price for tickets. All rides can be purchased directly from the street agency. There are many types of recreation here - bars, restaurants, billiards, massage, bowling. Everything is like in any other country. But when choosing a hotel, you need to read about its location so that it does not end up far from city life in seclusion by the sea. In this case, the tourist will really have nothing to do, except to sit on the beach. Having settled in the European quarter, it will not be difficult to find an opportunity to relax in a variety of ways.
Vietnam has the same climate as Thailand. Oddly enough, the climate in Vietnam is much milder. In Thailand, on the street you feel like in a hot sauna. Thoughts only about where to hide. In Vietnam, the heat is present, but it is dispersed by the wind. Breathing is not so stuffy and hard here. European tourists like the climate of Vietnam much more than Thai.
There are many rats in Vietnam. This myth also discourages many from traveling to Vietnam. Are there really hungry rats running along the beaches? In fact, for a couple of weeks in Vietnam, these rodents may not be seen at all. Rats live near dumpsters. It's not worth getting close to them. Vietnamese leave tied garbage bags near the side of the road. A special machine then collects all the waste.
Vietnam has chaotic traffic. People who have just arrived in Vietnam are really intimidated by the traffic. Everyone goes in different directions, honks, and does not pay attention to pedestrians. But the principle of local movement soon becomes clear. Large vehicles have priority over small ones (the bus is in front of the truck, the truck is in front of the passenger car, the one in front of the motorcycle), and everyone moves at the same speed. This keeps predictability on the road. A pedestrian crossing the road needs to calm down and start moving slowly at the same predictable speed. Motorcyclists will drive around a person themselves, but cars will have to be passed. It makes no sense to stand here by the road and wait for the stream to stop and let it pass. So you can spend more than one hour of time. Having understood such rules, the road traffic begins to be perceived much easier.
You shouldn't rent a motorcycle in Vietnam. The booklets do not recommend that tourists rent a motorcycle. It is believed that the movement is complex, and will certainly be deceived. Daredevils are better off using the services of their own hotel, where the reception will help with solving this problem. Renting a device for 4 hours will cost about 300 rubles. It is better to drive on the road in accordance with the above principles. At the same time, road markings, like the roads themselves, have a recommendatory, not mandatory nature. The Vietnamese will go where they want, not where the sign points. Landlords do not perform a detailed examination of the motorcycle either before or after the trip. It seems that the very fact of returning the vehicle is enough for them.
Everything is cheap in Vietnam. The terms "cheap" and "expensive" are relative. The times when a Russian with a thousand rubles in his pocket in other countries felt like a tsar passed a hundred years ago. A massage in Vietnam costs about 400 rubles, a good dinner at a restaurant will cost 2-2.5 thousand rubles. Street fast food costs 300 rubles, beer costs 80-100 rubles, a cocktail costs 80-100 rubles, a beach lounger costs 100-150 rubles, and a taxi within the city limits 150 rubles. Even washing each rag in the laundry will have to pay about 120 rubles. So the prices are quite comparable with the Russian ones, another thing is that the tourist will have to spend money on vacation anyway, but he is ready for it. Vietnam is not cheap.
Everything is too expensive in Vietnam. There is also a myth that is also not entirely true. 2 thousand rubles for a lunch at an Asian resort will seem to many to be a high price, but the dishes consist of oysters, king prawns and the freshest, only caught fish. In the homeland, such an order will cost much more. So the prices cannot be considered either overpriced or understated, they are quite adequate. A married couple spends an average of about $ 1,000 in two weeks, not limiting themselves to food, alcohol and entertainment.
There is no shopping in Vietnam. Shopping is really difficult in resort towns. But in the same Nha Trang, in shopping centers, the world's leading brands and those brands that are brought by tourists from distant travels are presented. However, due to the depreciation of the Russian currency, shopping has become limited and unprofitable. But this no longer depends on the country itself. But you can bring at least tea and coffee from Vietnam. This product is of excellent quality and cannot be compared with ours in price.
Vietnam loses on impressions to Thailand. In fact, these two countries cannot be compared, although the destination of the holiday is approximately the same. But there are features that are more or less suitable for people. Sex tourism, shopping and nightclubs are best found in Thailand, Pattaya. Nightlife is in full swing there, and finding a sexual partner will be a real adventure. Those who just need a beautiful clean beach, warm sea, mild climate, good cuisine and average prices without an abundance of transvestites will love Vietnam. One country cannot be considered better than another, everything depends on the needs of the tourist.
Vietnam has excellent ecology. The situation in this regard is far from rosy. First of all, it is worth remembering that there were active hostilities here in the 1960-1970s. The Americans dropped a bunch of bombs on Vietnam, burned out the entire jungle with napalm, and poisoned the enemy with "orange". This dioxin-based substance causes mutations, slowing the growth of the body. Chemistry lingers in soil for up to 500 years. There are no maps of military operations, local residents still find shells and are blown up by mines. The Americans have invested hundreds of millions of dollars in cleaning the soil, cutting off a three-meter layer, burning it in ovens and returning it back. In the same Nha Trang, there is no local natural milk, only soy. Cows do not graze here either, which makes beef expensive. The sea in the vicinity of the city is dirty - there are no treatment facilities and all household waste is poured out without control. And it's not worth talking about clear water - the river flowing into the Nha Trang Bay carries a lot of sand with it. Many Vietnamese pour slop directly onto the street from the windows; clogged sewers during the rainy season give rise to a real sea.
In Vietnam, everyone goes tanned. It turns out that it is indecent to be tanned here. Dark skin is considered a sign of a peasant. It is unacceptable to look like that in a decent society. That is why people are actively hiding under hats of different sizes and styles, and not only the classic cone-shaped ones. Women wear knitted gloves down to their armpits, and their faces are hidden with fabric masks. The eyes are hidden under the glasses. At first it is surprising, and then you get used to it.
Vietnamese cuisine is not suitable for European tourists. It seems that everyone here eats fried, or even raw insects, rats and spiders. All this is really included in the diet of the local population, as well as in Indochina in general. At the same time, in Vietnam there are many dishes that are prepared on the basis we are used to - from pork, beef, poultry, vegetables and vegetables. And rice is a popular side dish here, suitable for many dishes. And the fact that the country is stretched along the sea coast gives the cuisine a variety of seafood. Those who do not like Vietnamese cuisine can be advised to eat in European restaurants or in hotels. But there are few such fastidious gourmets.
Vietnam is an agricultural country with only peasants. This Asian country is developing rapidly. Here you can have a quality rest, including with children. There are many hotels in Nha Trang - from five-star to cozy modest one or two stars. There are shopping centers and amusement parks in cities. And although the economy is based on agriculture, oil, clothing and footwear are exported. The production of electronics from neighboring China is gradually transferred to Vietnam. Among the investors are such giants as Samsung, LG, Panasonic, Nokia, Intel, Fuji Xerox.
There is nothing to do in the country during the rainy season. Europeans think that the Asian rainy season lasts almost six months and is accompanied by constant downpours. But in Vietnam, summer is, on the contrary, the best time to relax. The air temperature is 23-28 degrees, and the water temperature is 25 degrees. It rains in the evening or at night, giving a pleasant coolness. During the day, they resemble a warm shower and do not spoil the impression of the rest. And the rains usually last no more than half an hour.
Vietnam is full of poisonous snakes.The chance to meet a poisonous snake is only in the countryside. And even then, they are afraid of people no less than we are of them. In addition, in Vietnam, the meat and blood of cobras is considered a delicacy; these reptiles are specially caught.
The beaches are full of sand fleas that bite painfully. By sunbathing on a sun lounger or lying on a bedspread, you can minimize the chance of encountering fleas. These creatures do not like humidity and wind, their element is sunny calm weather. And fleas do not bite everyone, like mosquitoes. Everything is individual here. And the cream will protect from the sun, which in any case will be needed in case of going to the beach.
Tanning is easy in Vietnam. Tourists here face another danger - to burn out quickly. As a result, some come after the skin has peeled off, while others have not sunburned, because they hid well from the sun. It's easy to burn under the hot sun. Some people think that the SPF 30 level of protection for the cream is certainly enough. But it is better in the first days to choose a product with SPF 50 for the body and 80 units for the face, smear with it more often. Protection will be required much more serious than in the resorts of the middle lane. As a result, even people with dark skin are burnt.
In Vietnam, everyone understands Russian or English. It's too naive to think so. As a result, the tourist is forced to explain himself to the locals, explaining the required size of clothing or the amount of food. But local people will not understand requests for a discount. Even the simplest English words have a strange accent in Vietnam. As a result, the names of hotels or restaurants from the lips of foreigners are simply not understood by the locals. In this case, it is better to have a business card or card with you indicating the destination.