Snowboarding (snowboarding, from the English snow - "snow" and board "board") - descent along the snow-covered slopes of the mountains on a special sports equipment - a snowboard. Some extreme sportsmen continue to practice this initially winter sport even in summer, having chosen sandy slopes for boarding. The result was sandboarding (sandboarding, from the English sand - "sand", board - "board").
For snowboarding and sandboarding, special boards are used - snowboards, consisting of a sliding surface (deck) in contact with the snow, on which the leg mounts are installed, and a metal edging designed to control the movements of the snowboarder ("edging").
Hunters began to use boards for sliding in the snow more than a hundred years ago, and the first officially registered descent from the mountain on a board took place in 1929. But only in 1965, Shermann Poppen from Muskegon (Michigan) made a snurfer for his daughter from two skis (snurfer, from the English snow "snow", surf - "surf") - a device vaguely resembling a modern snowboard and equipped with a rope , through which this design was controlled.
A year later, the production of snarers (at first - as children's toys) was started and the design was improved by such enthusiasts as Jake Burton (founder of Burton Snowboards), Tom Sims (founder of Sims Snowboards), Mike Olson, Dmitry Milovich (founder of Winterstick) , Jake Burton, who equipped the snorkel with leg bindings, etc.
The first boards were quite unstable and difficult to control, which led to the ban on the use of this sports equipment in many ski resorts of the time. But this did not prevent the rise in popularity of board riding, and in 1979 the first snowboarding championship was held, and in 1998 this sport was officially presented at the Nagano Olympics.
Modern snowboarding is divided into hard (high-speed skiing on prepared slopes using special equipment, skiing techniques, etc. (racing, carving)) and sports, which includes freestyle and freeride.
Freestyle (from the English freestyle - "free style") - descent, involving the performance of jumps and various acrobatic stunts. Passes along a specially prepared track and includes the following sports disciplines:
- big air (from the English big air - "big flight") jumping from a springboard, providing for the presence of a springboard and a slide with a landing area;
- bordercross - cross on boards (boards), in which several snowboarders take part at the same time (moreover, athletes are allowed not only to "cut", but also to push or hold the opponent with their hands);
- jibbing - riding on "rails" (structures consisting of pipes welded together), railings, benches, stairs, parapets and other elements of city buildings;
- slope-style (from the English slope - "inclined", style - "style") - riding on the track, consisting of trampolines, railings, pyramids, providing a clear performance of tricks, since falling inevitably leads to a loss of speed and, as a consequence - impossibility of performing the following tricks;
- slalom - high-speed (speed - up to 100 km / h) descent along a track marked on a slope in a certain way;
- halfpipe (from the English half - "half", pipe - "pipe") - skating (with the performance of somersaults, rotations and other tricks) in a special half-pipe made of snow, the height of which is just over three meters, and the length is eighty meters.
Freeride (from the English freerclasse - "free ride") - riding on difficult and dangerous slopes. Experienced snowboarders prefer this sport.
Many athletes participated in the first snowboarding championship. This is not entirely true. In 1979, the world snorkeling championship was held near the city of Grand Rapids (Michigan). Jake Burton, who was going to participate in this competition, improved his board by adding leg bindings. Since his sports equipment was different from others, a separate competition was created in which Burton was the only participant and winner.
All snowboards are the same. It may seem so only to a beginner unfamiliar with all the intricacies of snowboarding. In fact, the boards are different both in design and in their main purpose. There are several types of board classification. For example, snowboards are hard, soft and designed for freeriding. Rigid (Alpine) boards - long, narrow, with rigid bindings, allowing to develop the highest speed and are mainly used for such sports disciplines as slalom and giant slalom (such boards are the shortest and with the smallest radius), carving and extreme carving (long - sometimes more than 2 meters, differing in specific torsional rigidity). The boards for skiing on virgin soil (freeride) are most often characterized by a large length and sliding area, and also have the ability to "float" in the snow, which makes skiing much easier. And finally - the most common soft boards of short length, with a weak directionality and low rigidity, most often used for freestyle and jibbing. For beginners, it is best to use soft, all-mountain boards and only then master other types of boards. There is also a division of snowboards into freeride (universal), freestyle and mountain (carving) boards - according to your chosen riding style, as well as a classification by size and size into symmetrical (twin-tip), directional (wclasse) ).
Any boots are suitable for snowboarding. When purchasing a board for skating, be sure to pay attention to the type of attachment. After all, soft mounts, which are a platform connected to the snowboard with special straps equipped with latches, are quite compatible with any soft boots. But only special plastic hard boots are suitable for rigid mountings.
Snowboarding is an extremely traumatic sport, and boarding is more difficult than skiing. Of course, falls during the descent are possible, but you should take into account some features of the snowboarder's equipment, which make this process less traumatic. First, the boots are not as stiff and heavy as those of skiers, therefore, the possibility of foot injuries is minimized. And stretching the ligaments is not so easy to get - the legs fixed on the board do not part, during a fall, a light board causes much less inconvenience than skis with sharp toes, which are also equipped with ski poles (which, as you know, when falling fly anywhere). A great advantage of snowboarding equipment is manifested in the event that you have to climb to the top on your own - even a child can carry a light board, while skis and ski boots are a serious burden, not every adult can handle. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that snowboarders, like many athletes, have their own "occupational" diseases - curvature of the back (due to lateral stance), problems with knee joints (due to the heavy load on them while riding) ...
It is inconvenient for snowboarders to use the lift - they have to rise sideways. This is not so - after all, a snowboarder rides in this position, therefore, only beginners who use the lift for the first time usually experience a feeling of discomfort. Usually, after several ascents, the athlete ceases to experience inconvenience, and if the slope is equipped with a chair or car lift, there can be no question of any discomfort.
Learning to ride the board is a long and difficult process. A completely mistaken opinion - the initial skills of handling a snowboard can be mastered within a few hours, then it is a matter of practice. Having understood the essence of the movements, in a week you will be able to skate quite competently, honing your skills.
In order to master snowboarding, you will have to go to the Alps. In fact, snowboarders and skiers from different countries of the world simply adore the snow-capped slopes of the Caucasus, in addition, many professional snowboard parks and stadiums have been built, for example, in the Moscow region (Yakhroma) and in Moscow itself (Krylatskoye, the Kant ski complex), Petersburg (Okhta Park), Ufa (Ak-yort snow park), Novosibirsk (Sheregesh), Chelyabinsk region (Beloretsk, Trekhgorny), Murmansk region (Sorochany, Khibiny, Volen park), Novokuznetsk, Samara, Kamchatka, etc. ...
Snowboarding equipment is extremely expensive. Of course, high-quality equipment for practicing any kind of sport is not cheap. However, there are many ways to master snowboarding without even having a couple of thousand dollars in your pocket for minor expenses. Firstly, many well-known companies offer sets of equipment for both beginners and experienced snowboarders at a very reasonable price - within $ 300, and it is quite possible to buy used equipment in good condition. Secondly, in order to master the basics of skating on the board, rental equipment is quite suitable. And in the summer there will be an opportunity to purchase equipment from well-known manufacturers at a very low price - after all, the products of the past season are sold at a discount of up to 50% of the original cost of the goods.
Snowboarders, especially beginners, drink before descending so as not to be afraid. In practice, this happens extremely rarely - the first descent is not that worried about novice riders. But in the late afternoon, many at the base are slightly tipsy, but again not from fear, but only because they prefer to drink mulled wine during lunch to warm up.
Most often, riders encounter arctic foxes, squirrels and various forest birds. Erroneous opinion - on the road of a snowboarder there are much more often dogs and ... photographers who did not manage to step aside in time.
Many girls (guys) who started snowboarding have found a friend (girlfriend) among the riders. Indeed, this happens, but there are much more married couples who took to the board after the wedding.
You can listen to "Voice of America" on the snowboarder's radio. In fact, the walkie-talkies used by athletes to make it easier to locate them in the mountains have a range of only 5,000 meters.
There are no homosexuals among snowboarder athletes, because extreme sports are not up to them. This is not so - even among professionals there are people with non-traditional sexual orientation.
Due to global warming, snowboarders sometimes have to carry huge bags full of snow with them. The snow needed to create a slope that is in the slightest degree suitable for skiing can hardly even fit into very large bags. At major international competitions, if the weather fails, they use special guns.
There are many rappers and informals among those involved in snowboarding, many of whom use drugs. Indeed, among snowboarders there are both informals and people who love rap (especially in freeride, halfpipe, etc.). Among athletes, such people are quite rare, and any professional is threatened with disqualification for drug use, therefore people who are fond of, for example, marijuana, are found only among amateurs.
Only children of wealthy parents can go snowboarding. It is a myth. In many countries of the post-Soviet space, there are state sports schools in which young athletes are provided with the necessary equipment - both a board and snowboard boots. Parents buy only a suit suitable for training.
Snowboarding is a sport for fearless and reckless people. In fact, any professional athlete is by no means devoid of caution and a sense of self-preservation. Another thing is that you need to be able to deal with your fear, and also to do everything to minimize the possibility of any danger during the descent. That is why professionals before the start must inspect the track, think over the optimal trajectory, evaluate the quality of the snow cover, in accordance with which they select one or another driving style. "Recklessness" is most often characterized by amateurs who, not being able to correctly assess all the pros and cons of the track, fearlessly rush forward and often find themselves in unpleasant situations and sometimes get quite serious injuries.
To master snowboarding, you must definitely go to the mountains or a specially equipped park. Of course, if you want to get a lot of impressions and practical experience. But if you are a beginner and want to acquire basic theoretical skills that will make it easier to master snowboarding in the future, you just need to purchase the new game Shaun White Snowboarding: Road Trip (by Nintendo), controlled by Wii Balance Board (platform for practicing yoga, fitness, aerobics). You will have a board that acts as a snowboard, with attached sensors that detect any movement of a person standing on the board, and a large plasma screen located on the side. A light press of a button, a choice of a track - and here you have a not entirely realistic, but quite plausible game space, abundantly supplied with prompts that appear on the screen. By the way, balancing on the board is not so easy - although it does not swing so much, a good load goes on both the legs and the muscles of the back, especially if you are struggling to avoid collisions with various objects, people and animals, then case appearing on the "track". Of course, the loads are incomparable with those that an athlete experiences on a real slope, but for beginners, such a simulator is a good help.