Gnomes - (from Late Lat. Gnomus) are fabulous dwarfs from Germanic and Scandinavian folklore, living underground and guarding underground treasures and treasures. In different mythologies, gnomes are called differently, and a common definition for them originates in the Greek language and means "knowledge".
Gnomes are usually represented as secretive little people with long beards who are excellent blacksmiths and guard mysterious underground treasures. The character of the gnomes is tricky, but in essence they are quite kind to people.
Dwarves live in dungeons. There they accumulate countless treasures of gold, silver, precious stones and various metals and are engaged in the manufacture of magical weapons. In addition, the underground life of the gnomes obliges them to be excellent diggers.
Among the Germans and the British, only the elementals of the Earth are called "gnomes" ("gnomus"). And also decorative sculptures of garden gnomes. For those whom we call gnomes, the Germans use the designation "zverg" ("miniature"), and the English "dwarw" ("dwarf").
All gnomes are men. Apparently, this misconception came from one of the very first mentions of dwarfs in the "Younger Edda" carving their offspring from the rock. The famous Tolkien also introduces a certain confusion, who says that women among gnomes are not much different from men. Among fantasy fans, there is even a comic theory about the presence of beards in female gnomes. In fact, folklore notes not only the existence of the gnomes, but also their inexplicable charm as opposed to the ugliness of the gnomes.
Garden gnomes are a German invention. These small figurines of the red-cap gnomes were first made in the early 19th century in Thuringia by a certain Philip Griebel and were actively produced in Germany until World War II. Currently, the bulk of garden gnomes are made in Poland and China.
The lineage of the gnomes originates from ... a giant. The Scandinavian epic "Younger Edda" tells that the progenitors of the gnomes were born in the body of the slain giant Ymir. In the beginning, they were ordinary worms, but later the gods endowed them with a human mind and body (albeit not quite perfect) and cast a kind of spell: the sunlight turned the dwarfs into stone.
Dwarves are distinguished by their high endurance. This motive can be traced from the very inception of the dwarf mythological image. Dwarfs are spoken of not only as creatures with decent strength, but also as fabulously hardworking, adapted to any hardships, creatures.
Dwarves can see in the dark. Of course, not like cats, but still in the dark they see more clearly than ordinary people.
Gnomes live long. According to mythological and literary sources, gnomes can reach a rather old age of 250-400 years.
The main enemy of any gnome is the dragon. And sometimes greedy people who want to steal from the workaholic gnomes. But dragons are still bigger. According to legend, winged lizards have a passion for gold and jewelry in their blood.
Garden gnomes come to life at night and run around the surrounding area. In fact, representatives of a comic movement from France and Italy called the Garden Gnomes Liberation Front "run around". They take the gnomes from their rightful owners and leave them away from their homes. This type of theft even has its own name - "gnoming" or "gnome hunting".