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Fast food (from the English fast food - fast food) has long become an integral part of the modern world. Fast food existed in ancient times. Already in antiquity, fast food was very popular.
If in ancient Greece they still preferred to cook food on their own household, then the ancient Romans often refused to cook at all, in some houses there were not even kitchens. But in every city there were a lot of eateries and bazaars, where they sold all kinds of food.
Cakes made from yeast dough, oiled with olive oil, were very popular, they were very convenient to use as edible plates. Many centuries later, these flatbreads, covered with baked cheese, sausages and vegetables, became known as Italian pizza.
The Romans also had their own hamburgers. They fried beef cakes, which were supposed to be eaten with bread. Professor Philip Fernandez-Armesto, in his History of Food, argues that the average ancient Roman ate more fast food than, say, a modern New Yorker. The difference is that the fast food of the ancient Romans was fresher and healthier than modern hot dogs and hamburgers. Fast food was respected in other countries as well.
In China, hot instant noodles were sold in bazaars; in India, chapatis with hot sauce and rice with chicken pieces with curry sauce were popular. In Europe, various kinds of flat cakes were also highly respected, and in some countries (for example, in Russia) they did not disdain even cakes.
Fast food as an industry originated in America in the 1920s. The pioneer in this area was the White Castle Company, which opened in 1921 in Kansas. The White Castle's signature dish was hamburgers, which at that time were a wonder for Americans. Potential buyers were also pleased with the stable price of food: despite the Great Depression, World War II and inflation, the company sold its hamburgers for five cents until 1946.
When some visitors began to think about whether such food is not harmful, the owner of the network Billy Ingram came up with a cunning move. He hired several young men who, for a small fee, came to the White Castle every day in white coats and ordered hamburgers there. Visitors mistook them for doctors and calmed down. Since even doctors eat hamburgers, it means that they are really safe for health.
In the late 1940s, competitors began to appear at the White Castle. The most serious of these was the young McDonald's company. It all started very modestly: two brothers, Dick and McDonald's, who were selling in a small barbecue restaurant for California motorists, decided to switch to hamburgers. In 1948, they succeeded, and incomes rose sharply.
In 1954, traveling salesman Ray Kroc met them, who suggested opening establishments all over the country under the same brand. The brothers agreed, and things went well. In 1956, there were 14 McDonald's restaurants in the United States, 228 in 1960, 1000 in 1968, 3076 in 1975, 6263 in 1980, 8300 in 1984, and 11800 in 1990.
Now the McDonald's corporation has more than 30,000 restaurants in 119 countries of the world, while the White Castle has only about 380 restaurants in the United States. However, in recent years, the mighty McDonald's has begun to experience problems. After a campaign of healthy food advocates calling for a boycott of fast food, sales in the US and other developed countries began to decline, and some restaurants even had to close.
Alas, all doctors and nutritionists are unanimous - there are two types of fast food: harmful and very harmful. They can't eat regularly. The main problem is that most of these foods are very high in calories, high in fat and low in vitamins.
This primarily concerns hamburgers. So all lovers of french fries, bigmaks and other shawarma should remember three simple rules that nutritionists offer:
1. Don't eat fast food more than once a week. And it is desirable to do it even less often.
2. Fatty and high-calorie foods (french fries, hamburgers, soda) are the most dangerous for health.
3. If you ate fast food during the day, be sure to eat normally in the evening. You shouldn't go to a fast food restaurant on an empty stomach.
Is fast food just McDonald's? When talking about the dangers of fast food, they usually primarily mean establishments like McDonald's and the like. Not far away from them, sold on the streets of shawarma, hot dogs, pancakes with fillings and the like. This also includes chips, all kinds of croutons, any carbonated drinks and other "little things" that we usually have on the run. This is at least. In reality, the list is much longer.
Food in fast food establishments is cooked with some particularly harmful fat. In most cases, this is the case. The fact is that for the preparation of many dishes, they usually use solid types of margarine with a high level of trans fatty acid isomers. However, this type of spatial organization of fatty acid molecules is also typical for all kinds of creams in store cakes and pastries. So, it doesn't make much difference whether you ate at McDonald's or drank tea with a purchased cake. They are found in some other ready-made foods high in animal fats. The danger of these same trans-isomers is due to the fact that, for example, doubling them in our diet increases the risk of developing heart disease at least twice. Of course, explaining to a hamburger and french fries-obsessed teenager what he is risking is almost hopeless. But at the age of 30-35, it is already worth thinking about the possibility of heart problems due to this very potato! By the way, the current young generation, who grew up on fast food, at the age of 30 has a chance not only to think about heart problems, but also to begin to "reap the benefits" of their passion for such food.
The reason Americans are obese is related to their love of "fast food." The fast food fashion has long led to a rapid increase in the number of fat French, British and even Japanese. There are two reasons for this situation. Firstly, the average lunch in some McDonald's, at least covers, and even exceeds the daily calorie requirement (for an adult, this is 1500-2500 kcal). But, as a rule, during the day we eat something else. Second, eating these foods upsets the balance of hormones that make us feel full. Therefore, we can order, for example, a huge hamburger, a serving of potatoes, a milkshake, a pie, ice cream, cola and ... at the same time we will continue to feel hungry.
Fast food food contains some kind of narcotic that makes us come back there again and again. Well, about some special drugs - it's unlikely! However, do not rush to rejoice! According to scientists studying the effect of this food on the human body, excessive consumption of the fats and sugar contained in it leads to a real chemical addiction, similar to drug addiction. That is, the constant visit to such eateries causes the same painful addiction as smoking or drug use. Passion for hamburgers, cola and fried potatoes quickly leads to a change in chemical processes in the human brain, which most often occurs with cocaine or heroin addiction. This theory is supported by the fact that fast food lovers find it very difficult, and sometimes even unrealistic to return to normal food and go on a strict diet. They experience real withdrawal symptoms similar to those suffered by drug addicts who want to be cured.
Hamburger + cola is much more harmful than the same, but separately. The thing is, drinking a fatty hamburger, hot dog and fries with ice cola or any other cold carbonated drink is a huge mistake. Gastric juice diluted with an effervescent liquid can no longer cope with the digestion of already heavy food. And due to the low temperature of the drink consumed with the hamburger, the fat contained in its filling (cutlet or sausage) instantly freezes and lays down as a dead weight, eventually increasing the volume of our waist even more.
Everyone knows that "fast food" can lead to obesity, but sometimes you have to read that it also negatively affects the condition of the skin, hair and, in general, how a person looks. Doesn't this just refer to the next horror stories? Unfortunately no. The fact is that a constant diet of hamburgers, hot dogs, potatoes and pies causes a fairly rapid metabolic disorder. In addition, this food is very high in cholesterol, the content of vitamins and dietary fiber is reduced to a minimum, and the balance between proteins, fats and carbohydrates has nothing to do with a normal diet. The result of all of the above is sad not only for the figure, but also for the appearance: such a fast-food "diet" has a very negative effect on the condition of the hair, depriving them of shine and elasticity, as well as the skin.
Fast food is especially dangerous for children. Yes it is. Although it is children and adolescents who are the main fans of "hot dog + coca-cola" food. However, doctors are convinced that such food is almost deadly for the younger generation, since the body is still being formed, and the way it will be depends very much on the contents of the plate. An unbalanced fast food menu leads to obesity, disorders in the endocrine and immune systems, and this, in turn, affects physical and mental development in the future.
Taco Bell Hot Sauce can shine a coin. It is a fact. This is because the vinegar and salt in the ingredients cause this reaction. The fact is that this statement can be attributed to any sauce from the cuisine of southern peoples, these components are contained there in excess. If this fact scares you, then do not eat a lot of salt and try to avoid vinegar.
French fries are the most commonly consumed vegetable in America. Unfortunately, this is an indisputable fact.
Kentucky Fried Chicken, aka "Kentucky Fried Chicken" has been renamed KFC due to the fact that this product does not consist of chicken, but of genetically modified animal meat. Fiction. This was done to remove the word "fried" from the title.
The McFlarry dessert on the McDonald's menu does not contain a drop of milk. There is milk there. Whether or not there is anything useful in this milk is another question. Dessert McFlary is a cocktail base, flavored syrup and milk. All this is stored in the refrigeration unit and through the dispenser, at the push of a button, enters your cup.
Burger King's milkshake contains algae. This is fiction. Although such rumors are based on. The milkshake contains a thickener called carrageenan, a substance derived from the red algae carrageenan. Carrageenan is found in milkshakes from other food chains, as well as some other drinks.
Fast food causes gastritis, ulcers, and other stomach ailments. The first reason for the very possible occurrence of gastritis from fast food food, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, pancreatitis, constipation and other similar diseases, up to cancer, is the haste in which it is usually eaten. In general, that's what it is and "fast food" to absorb it on the run, without really chewing or pausing. But in the end, pieces that are not crushed and not moistened with saliva enter the stomach. The result is the very same problems with the work of the gastrointestinal tract. There is a second reason for the appearance of gastritis and ulcers in regular visitors of fast foods. And it's about ... noise and loud music. Scientists have found that people who eat in crowded eateries to the noise and din of visitors increase the risk of such gastric diseases several times. Those who, while eating, muffle the noise with the player, turning it on at the maximum volume, also very quickly earn an ulcer or gastritis. This "musical and noise accompaniment" is especially dangerous for children and adolescents, whose organisms are especially susceptible to it.
It is interesting!
After seeing this picture, Mirab Morgan (a resident of North Carolina) decided to conduct her own experiment. She, too, began to eat only at McDonald's, and did it not one month, but three. As a result of the experiment, the lady ... lost 15 kilograms. The secret is that she made sure to eat no more than 1400 calories per day. Nutritionists reacted with restraint about this success, noting that fries and cheeseburgers still lack vitamins and minerals necessary for the human body. Nutritionists agree that eating from a classic fast food establishment once a month can be considered relatively painless for health. However, some people think that this is too often.