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Epilation - artificial hair removal by pulling out or acting on the hair follicle. There is electrolysis, thermochemical (enzymatic) hair removal, bioepilation, shugaring ... It is no wonder that with such a variety of methods and substances used in the process of hair removal, there are many myths about hair removal. We will try to figure out which of the ideas are true, and which are completely wrong.
The result of laser and photoepilation can be spots on the skin, and sometimes quite noticeable scars. No, scars do not form after hardware epilation. Indeed, during this procedure, the light beam acts exclusively on the hair follicle, without affecting the surrounding tissues, and, therefore, without damaging them. The reasons for the appearance of hyper- or hypopigmentation can be the following:
1. You came to an insufficiently experienced specialist who did not take into account the peculiarities of your skin and, accordingly, did not quite correctly choose the mode of exposure.
2. You violated the recommendations of the doctor who performed the operation (for example, you decided to visit the solarium the next day after the epilation).
The most versatile method of hair removal is photoepilation. It can help get rid of hair of any type, and its thickness, length, color does not matter. This is a misconception. After all, photoepilation is by no means a panacea for all ills. For example, using this method you will not be able to remove gray or light (including peroxide bleached) hair, since they lack melanin, which is the "target" for the laser beam.
But ELOS epilation, which combines the advantages of several methods of hardware epilation, can really help remove hair of any type. In addition, ELOS hair removal is the safest (the likelihood of burns is reduced to almost zero), and most importantly, it does not lead to the appearance of pigmentation, so after two or three days you can safely go to the beach or solarium.
ELOS hair removal has no contraindications and restrictions, unlike, for example, laser hair removal. This is not so - contraindications for hair removal using ELOS technology exist in the same way as for any thermal procedures. This type of hair removal cannot be used for cancer, the presence of a pacemaker, an allergic reaction to light, an active form of herpes in the area of the procedure, pregnancy, skin diseases in the acute stage. Therefore, before epilation, you should definitely get proper advice from your doctor.
Photoepilation and laser hair removal are the same thing. This is not entirely true. Indeed, the principle of operation of the devices for the above types of hair removal is the same: the destructive effect by means of light waves on the hair structure containing melanin. However, the technical characteristics (wavelength, penetration depth, processing speed, width of the light spot) are different for laser and photo systems.
Some devices allow you to get rid of unwanted hair for a lifetime in just one procedure. In fact, in order to remove hair once and for all, you need to use X-ray irradiation, affecting not only existing hairs, but also those that are in the embryonic stage. Unfortunately, this method leads to complete baldness and can provoke cancer. Laser, photo and ELOS hair removal are much safer, but they only affect hairs that are in an active, growing phase (anagen). Hair in inactive phases (catagen, telogen) can be affected only when they germinate. Therefore, people with a normal hormonal background need to undergo six to eight procedures. Those with too high levels of androgens (male sex hormones) will have to undergo one or two hair removal sessions annually.
After hardware epilation, after a while, the hair will become more coarse, their number and growth rate will increase. Mainly home-based depilation methods (especially shaving) stimulate hair growth. And after professional hardware hair removal, the rate of hair growth decreases, they become soft, their number decreases from procedure to procedure.
With laser hair removal, the skin is highly dehydrated. No, the skin does not lose moisture during this procedure, since neither water, nor collagen, nor other skin structures react to laser radiation. The only effect that can occur is a slight reddening of the skin, which goes away on its own after a few hours.
Laser hair removal is an extremely painful procedure that involves injections of painkillers. Misconception. Laser hair removal does not cause any painful sensations, since during the procedure the treated surface is cooled by a stream of air from the apparatus. Even for epilation of sensitive areas (bikini area), anesthetic ointment is sufficient, no injections are required.
It is better not to epilation on tanned skin. Indeed, melanin is formed in tanned skin, which is a "target" for a laser. But some types of laser hair removal equipment allow you to choose the right program and protect tanned skin from damage.
My health can suffer from laser hair removal, the laser can have a negative effect on internal organs. In fact, the laser beam has a specific wavelength that only affects the melanin-containing cells in the upper layers of the skin. In addition, it should be borne in mind that the penetrating ability of the laser beam is very low, it is scattered in the upper layers of the skin, and, therefore, cannot in any way affect blood cells, blood and lymphatic vessels, deep layers of the skin, subcutaneous fat and muscles, and even more so the internal organs.
Photoepilation should not be done during pregnancy, as it can negatively affect the development of the child, and sometimes provoke premature birth. No, photoepilation does not affect the development of the fetus, and even more so it cannot provoke premature birth. Cosmetologists do not recommend doing photoepilation during this period for another reason: hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy can provoke increased hair growth and increased skin sensitivity. Therefore, it is more advisable to start a course of hair removal after childbirth and the end of breastfeeding, i.e. after stabilization of the hormonal background.
Laser exposure to the skin can lead to cancer. No, the appearance of neoplasms on the skin can be provoked by ultraviolet waves in the range of 320-400 nm, which the laser beam does not contain. However, if malignant formations already exist, it is better to refuse photoepilation and laser hair removal (as well as from any types of physical procedures).