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Many smokers want to learn the basics of cigar. It is not clear what can be considered a defect in such a tobacco product, and what can be taken as the norm.

The world of cigars is so deep that even experienced connoisseurs realize that this issue is still very far from clarity. Therefore, the myths about cigars are not so difficult to debunk.

If the cigar is too dry or too humid, then it is still worth tasting. In fact, there is no point in doing this. After all, a dry cigar has an uninteresting taste. When making it, they try to adhere to a balanced level of humidity. This is necessary in order for the cigar to be able to fully display its full range of aromas. If stored dry, the product will deteriorate. The aromas will quickly evaporate, and the leaf will change its chemical composition. But excessive humidification of the cigar will also harm. She will have quite aggressive characteristics. So, during combustion, quite a lot of liquid will disintegrate. This will lead to unpleasant mucous joints. They will only interfere with combustion. Therefore, the more the cigar is moistened, the worse it will burn. But it is much more important to understand how big the difference is between the moisture content of the top sheet and the inner filling of the product. If the wrapper is too damp, it will burn more slowly than the filling and tie layers. Thus, the cigar will burn out in the form of a tunnel. This can be the result of too quick hydration. For example, a cigar has undergone a rapid change in moisture level. She was simply not given time for a certain moisture to spread throughout the volume.

A cigar that is too thick is bad. Even among connoisseurs, there is an opinion that a dense cigar, due to an overabundance of leaves, will not be able to last. But this is not true. After all, if the raw materials were of excellent quality, then the cigar will be solid due to its solid construction. It will be able to maintain its excellent structure even during combustion. True, usually the excessive hardness is actually explained by the excessive moisture of the filling during the rolling of the sheet or its insufficient maturity. Then the leaves begin to dry after rolling, while the cigar itself begins to harden. But an overly soft cigar is also not a very good choice. After all, it contains bags with residual fats, this is a consequence of incomplete fermentation. If the temperature gets high, then these fats can affect the structure of the cigar itself.

A cigar can have a body and an unusual shape. In fact, this is not normal. Not only is the cigar ugly and obviously suffering from curling errors, it can ruin the tasting itself. A properly rolled cigar should be firm and have the correct cylinder shape. If it is rolled badly, this will lead to a distortion of the diameter of the cigar and a violation of the proportions of tobacco in different parts of the product. Sunken areas with low leaf density are called potholes. In this case, the main damage is done to traction.

The best wrapper is the one that glitters. Don't focus solely on shine. It is optimal if its level is medium. That is, it should still be, but it should not be excessive. An overabundance of gloss is quite rare, this indicates a high content of oils, resins and wax in the sheet. This happens when the fermentation was carried out inconsistently, not to the end or in violation of technology. But the lack of shine suggests that the cigar was dried and fermented for too long, as well as failures in the temperature regimes at which this happened. Another reason may be improper storage of the product in a too dry place. This will lead to gradual thickening and irreversible evaporation of oils and waxes. And the oiliness of the leaf itself is determined by the varieties of tobacco, the characteristics of the soil where it grows, climatic conditions in the form of rain and sun, the time of harvest and the presence of moisture in the leaves at the time of harvest.

Spots on the wrapper leaves the cigar unpalatable. Indeed, spots are not rare on the wrapper leaf, there may even be several types. Depending on this, they can influence the taste of the product in different ways. If the spots are green, then these are the remaining chlorophyll compounds that the successive stages of tobacco processing have not been able to eliminate. This happens if the leaves are dried incorrectly, too quickly or too hot. Also, physical defects of the leaf, where chlorophyll accumulates, can contribute to this phenomenon. This substance is not beneficial to the aroma properties of the cigar. If the spots are yellow, then this indicates that there was little moisture during drying. This led to a thickening of yellowish pigment in some places. The color does not change during fermentation. In general, we can summarize that different fermentation practically does not affect the aroma and taste of the tobacco leaf. If drying is carried out at a high level of humidity, then this leads only to a partial elimination of sugars and starch from the tobacco leaf. As a result, the yellow discoloration turns black during subsequent fermentation. If the leaves are dried in this way, they will acquire an unpleasant aftertaste. The fact is that they will have a high content of sugars and starch, which will irritate the receptors unpleasantly. The spots can also be white. It is unpleasant to observe them visually. However, they do not harm the quality of the product itself. They can appear for two reasons. The small white specks are called sesame seeds. They are formed due to the fungal disease of the cercospora. The microorganism feeds on brown chlorophyll, leaving the tissues intact. The spots are a sign of a decrease in chlorophyll in the leaves. But there is no effect on the taste of the cigar. If the white spots are rather large, and their outline is blurred, then this is evidence that at one time the tobacco leaves were susceptible to the fungal disease "blue mold". If there are a lot of such spots along the main vein of the top sheet, then it already indicates a serious attack by microorganisms. But the spots that are not adjacent to the veins on the cover indicate that the problem is only local in nature. Such mold is dangerous for green leaves, but for brown leaves it can be harmless if the fermentation program is selected correctly.

Cover veins may be darker than the leaf itself. This is actually a sign of a defect. The difference in color between the veins and fabrics of the cover will be if the drying was done incorrectly. If there is more moisture on a part of the leaf than in other places, then the surface itself, like the veins, will be darker. This defect is a sign of incomplete drying. Moreover, subsequent fermentation only emphasizes it.

It's okay if the cigar has stripes of different shades. Multi-colored stripes can even be on one sheet. The fact is that during drying, different parts of it may have different levels of moisture. In a drying house, the leaves are tied so that their bases are in close contact, but the air flows freely between the lower parts. So it turns out that the humidity here will be lower, which will affect the color. An uneven leaf color can also occur if the leaves are in contact more tightly on one side during fermentation than on the other. Where the contact is better, the color will be darker, as fermentation will also work better here. This color variation in the integumentary leaf indicates that it has a non-uniform chemical composition. This in turn is an indicator that the aroma characteristics will be defective.

If the cigarette has a non-aromatic coating, then it is better to change it. In fact, it is better not to rush, but still try it. The fact is that sometimes the cover leaf has a rather weak aroma. Then it may really seem that the cigar lacks flavor or part of it. People, closing their eyes, inhale the air, but do not feel the expected bouquet. Naturally, this is frustrating. In practice, it turns out that an unlit canopy, even with unenviable aromatic characteristics, can demonstrate interesting aromatics when burning. The lack of smell of the cover can be explained by the poverty of the leaf of a cheap and ordinary cigar. In this case, the leaf had an unnecessarily long fermentation or it took place at a high temperature. Perhaps the tobacco just turned out to be of a bad sort. And there are cases and quite simple - the cigar was not stored as it should. It was this that depleted her aroma. It was either completely dry around, or some nearby material interrupted the smell of a cigar.

Cigar cutting is not worth the attention. In fact, this procedure is very important for the quality of the tasting. Cutting is best done as cleanly as possible, using a guillotine, punch, or scissors. If you do it inaccurately or poorly, then you can damage the cover. It will begin to unfold, which will have a bad effect on further processes. And if you cut off a cigar that is too dry, it can unfasten the cover. You should also pay attention to the cut diameter. He can determine the smoking rate. After all, an unnecessarily small hole can interfere with normal traction.

Lighting a cigar is a complicated process. This procedure, however, is quite simple. Light the cigar correctly along the entire cross-section of the cigar, along the outer cut. After all, if some leaves turn out to be unlit, then the process will go unevenly. The cigar itself will suffer from unbalanced combustion, started initially. It can be expected that such a defect will correct itself in the course of further combustion, but it would still be better to reignite. It is worth mentioning that it is best to light a cigar with natural fire. Wooden matches, a torch or a gas lighter are perfect for this.

A strange cigar smell is a bad sign. This smell most likely belongs to ammonia. In a cigar, it appears if its leaves during fermentation did not breathe well or already in the process of rolling. Such a volatile product only occurs when the leaves are fermented. The presence of ammonia indicates that the processes in the leaves have either recently ended or are still ongoing.

It's okay if the cigar goes out several times while smoking. This is considered abnormal. If the cigar is extinguished several times, there is an obvious burning problem. There are several possible reasons for this. Poor fermentation may be to blame. Because of this, a large amount of proteins containing nitrogen, or negative elements, such as chlorine, remained in the leaves. The cigar can also be rolled too tightly, which will cause an overabundance of leaf in it. The product may also be too poor, then the porosity of the sheet will lead to little air access to the combustion site. The reason for the extinction can be a high level of moisture in the leaves. This happens if it exceeds 15% relative humidity.

Black ash on a cigar is a bad sign. This is not always the case. There can be two reasons for this. The first is the imperfect chemical composition of the tobacco leaf, the second is its poor combustion. Both of these factors lead to the fact that organic matter does not burn completely, forming the same black ash. The main reason is insufficient fermentation, which leaves unnecessary organic compounds inside the leaf. This is when burning and becomes a problem. And sometimes black ash is simply evidence that the soil where the tobacco grew, simply lacked some trace elements, for example, magnesium. Such a cigar may have a slightly unpleasant taste, then this will be a real problem.

To inhale a cigar takes effort. This phenomenon is considered a problem, because it indicates difficult traction. This can negatively affect the quality of the cigar tasting. It is necessary to tighten it through force, and at the same time it turns out a little smoke. The most common reason for this is the use of an excessive number of leaves during the formation of the pupa itself. This is the name of the filling, which is tied with a binder sheet. Another reason for poor traction can be nodules or lumps that appear due to misplaced filling inside the cigar's body. The leaves could be casually twisted before being placed inside the binder sheet.

Uneven burning of a cigar cannot be corrected. It happens that one side of a cigar burns faster than the other. There may be several explanations for this. The cigar itself may have been lighted incorrectly, the product has an incorrect design, on one side there is a thick vein, which slows down the burning. Unevenness can be caused by overly moisturized cigar leaves. And strong air currents can deform the combustion course. If the cigars are well rolled and fermented correctly, then this guarantees perfect and smooth burning throughout the entire tasting. But if the combustion is not too uniform, then almost always re-ignition can correct this situation.

After a column of ash and a burning ring, a black charred zone may form on the cover. It is not normal! Indeed, this is not good, it is a very bad sign. This shiny resin ring is the result of an excessive amount of nitrogen-containing substances in the sheet's chemistry. In other words, the cover has not gone through sufficient fermentation. You can be sure that such cigars will taste very bitter when smoked.

If the cigar tastes bitter, there is nothing wrong with that. This is actually a bad sign. It manifests itself in a strong and unpleasant sensation on the back of the palate and front throat. This bitterness is usually caused by multiple proteins that remain in the cigar due to improper drying or fermentation. It should be noted that this problem is quite common. In the case of intense bitterness, all pleasure can turn into torment. Then the cigar lover can give up his favorite pleasure for a long time.

You can see for yourself the strength of the cigar. First of all, you need to find out what the manufacturer says about the strength of the cigar. This figure depends on the specific type of sheet that is chosen for mixing. It is known that the Ligero leaves from the upper tier of the tobacco bush then give the strength to the cigar. This parameter is objective. Therefore, all tasting connoisseurs estimate the fortress approximately the same. There is a ten-point scale for assessing the strength of cigars. 5 points is an average cigar. Strong cigars start at 6.5 or 7 points. But the factory classification of this parameter has only 4 categories. The first is one of the strongest cigars.

Bitterness in the mouth when there is a cigar is a bad sign. Indeed, a slight bitterness can often be felt. However, this suggests that the fermentation of the cover was completed a little earlier than we would like. But some connoisseurs even like it. True, too much bitterness can become unpleasant. It may also indicate that the cover is damp.

Cigars can also be stored in daylight. But this is best avoided. The correct way to store cigars is to completely isolate them from direct sunlight.If too bright light falls on the product, this will have an adverse effect on its cover. As a result, the beauty of the entire cigar will suffer. It will fade, some of its scent will disappear. At the same time, the cover will become drier, and therefore more fragile.

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