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Che Guevara

Che Guevara


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Ernesto Che Guevara (1928-1967) has become a real brand. Fashionable youth restaurants are named after him, and his portraits are featured on T-shirts and cups. He himself, of course, did not plan to become a hero of mass culture.

This Latin American revolutionary dedicated his life to the insurgency. He became one of the creators of the victory of the Cuban Revolution, the most famous associate of Fidel Castro. But the peaceful construction of a new type of state was not to the liking of the fiery revolutionary.

He went to fight in the Congo, and then to Bolivia, where he died fighting for his cause. What was he like as a person? What did you really want to achieve? We will try to find out the truth about the cult hero of the middle of the 20th century.

Che Guevara took a vow of celibacy. This is the lot of many revolutionaries. We like to imagine the heroes as completely passionate about their work, forgetting about their personal life, spotless and virgin. The revolutionary sacrifices the sensual side of life for the sake of a higher human goal. But the fact that people are engaged in revolutionary struggle has never stopped them from making love. Lenin, Stalin and Hitler had wives. In Che's case, he not only loved women, but also often changed partners. According to some reports, the ardent Argentines had almost a hundred mistresses! Our hero had five children in marriages. The first wife gave Che Guevara a daughter. Four more children were born from his second wife, revolutionary Aleida March. Children of Che Guevara prefer to avoid undue attention to them, there are only a few photos of the descendants of the revolutionary. It is known that his son Camilo is very similar to his father.

Che Guevara was an icon of hippies, children of flowers. Today it seems to us that Che Guevara fought against those in power. Unsurprisingly, his image became iconic for the Flower Power generation that emerged in the 1960s. In fact, Che was far from this counterculture. During the years of the beginning of his active work, the revolutionary was an active supporter of the totalitarian regime of Argentine President Peron. Che Guevara did not support the idea of ​​an independent working class. Nevertheless, in Cuba in the era of communism, the revolutionary became revered, almost like a saint. His image was used everywhere for free. And this is despite the fact that in the 1960s Che Guevara was naively presented in the West as James Dean in camouflage. History has shown that this was a ruthless despot who did not believe in the work of law. Che Guevara turned out to be very far from the concepts of hippies.

He was a poor Cuban. Che Guevara became famous for his exploits in Cuba. But he was not a local native caring for his homeland. A hero was born in Argentina. And his parents were not poor, they had their own tea plantation. Due to the family's status and wealth, all children received higher education. Che Guevara himself became a doctor.

Che Guevara was a typical "bad guy". This myth is also an integral part of the image of a revolutionary. He is seen as a stupid motorcyclist, rude, smoking cigars. That is why he was nicknamed "James Dean in camouflage". This image was consolidated thanks to Gael Garcia Bernal's film "Che Guevara: The Motorcycle Diaries". In fact, the revolutionary was not at all such a bully. He loved to play chess, even took part in tournaments, read poetry, at school he loved mathematics and engineering.

Che Guevara studied the experience of the UPA (Ukrainian Insurgent Army). In the Ukrainian-language version of Wikipedia, information appeared about how the famous theorist and practitioner of partisan warfare spoke enthusiastically about the UPA. Clandestine education ten years after the end of World War II waged its own struggle. It seemed like a historic sensation. The researchers immediately became interested in the previously unknown page of the hero's biography. It turned out that the quote belonged to the modern Ukrainian journalist Bondarenko.

Che Guevara was illiterate. Considering that Che Guevara was an uneducated rude man, one can conclude that he was illiterate and unreadable. In the world of a revolutionary, intellectual knowledge was not required. In fact, Che Guevara was a well-read person. Books interested him from the age of four. The parents' house had a library of several thousand books. Che Guevara read Jules Verne, Hugo, Jack London, Dumas, Tolstov, Marx, Freud, Lenin, Gorky, Dostoevsky ... Love for books remained with him throughout his life, being instilled from childhood. The Argentinian even claimed to be able to read even during combat. Intelligence allowed Che Guevara to obtain a medical degree. Formally, legally, he was Dr. Ernesto Guevara. The young doctor specialized in the treatment of leprosy.

Che Guevara acted and traveled in a limited region. It is generally believed that Che Guevara lived only in Cuba and in some countries in South America. In fact, he traveled a lot. The revolutionary visited almost all continents, with the exception of Australia and Antarctica. Che Guevara even spoke at the UN in 1964, denouncing the United States for its segregation policies. In 1960, as part of the Cuban delegation, Che Guevara traveled to the USSR, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, China and North Korea. In 1964-1965 he traveled to North America and Egypt. After the battles in the Congo, Che Guevara visited Czechoslovakia under an assumed name, where he was treated.

Che Guevara did not have an arm. The hero lost his hands after his death. After his execution, a military doctor amputated his hands and sent them to Buenos Aires for fingerprint identification. Later, the limbs, along with the body, were sent to Cuba and reburied there.

It was pleasant to be next to Che Guevara. And although our hero was an intelligent and well-read person, it was unpleasant to be around him. Even in his youth, he received the nickname "Smelly Che". The fact is that Ernesto rarely bathed, changed his shirt only once a week. Throughout his biography, it has been repeatedly noted that he smelled very bad.

Che Guevara wanted to be immortalized in the picture. Che Guevara's monochrome painting has become a real icon. An Italian journalist asked the photographer Alberto Corda to give him a portrait of the revolutionary for publication, and he agreed. Then Che Guevara's face spread all over the place, becoming a classic. Korda took a photograph from the funeral service for the killed 136 revolutionaries. They met with weapons in their hands, which entered Havana, a French ship with weapons. Che Guevara himself had nothing to do with the appearance of this portrait and did not order it.

Che Guevara is a real name. The revolutionary's legally full name was Ernesto Raphael Guevara de la Serna. The nickname Che came about to emphasize his Argentine roots. In this country, "che" is a common word. It comes from the word "escuche" (listen).

Che Guevara was a purebred Latin American. The father of our hero was Ernesto Guevara Lynch. But her paternal grandmother was a descendant of the famous Irish rebel Patrick Lynch. Ernesto's father himself stated that the blood of Irish rebels flows in the veins of his son. There were ancestors in the family and from the Basque country. The famous beret was a tribute to these very bloods.

Che Guevara always wanted to be a revolutionary. Since childhood, Che Guevara dreamed of treating lepers. At the age of 13, he entered college, and then at the University of Buenos Aires at the Faculty of Medicine. In 1952 he toured South America on motorcycles with Dr. Granado. The aim was to study leper colony in different countries of the continent, prepare material for the book. During his second trip to South America, Che Guevara plunged into the life of the common people even more, met the revolutionaries. One of them, Ilda Gadea, would later become his wife. The well-read doctor Guevara amazed everyone with his mind, knowledge of Marxism. Seeing unsanitary conditions and poverty, he decided to devote his life to improving the living conditions of the broad masses.

Che Guevara had iron health. Che Guevara could not even go to school for the first two years - he suffered from daily attacks of bronchial asthma. The disease manifested itself when the boy was only two years old and remained with him until the end of his life.

The church canonized Che Guevara. In Cuba, Che Guevara remains a national hero. His portraits are on banknotes, they sing songs to him in schools. Many poor people in Latin America call him Saint Ernesto, asking for help and intercession. In addition, in the famous photograph, the dead Che Guevara with his beard is somewhat similar to Jesus. The church opposes such an attitude towards an ambiguous idol, but nothing can be done. Of course, she is not going to canonize him.

Che Guevara is a knight of the Cuban revolution. Everyone wants to see the hero as a romantic character who fights for a just cause at the cost of his life. He opposes ideas to mercantilism. But Che Guevara, of which there is no doubt, was an unpredictable murderer, executioner, Cuban Beria. It is no coincidence that he admired Stalin so much. Che Guevara participated in repressions, signed execution lists and even carried out sentences himself. Thanks to him, the prosperous island became a concentration camp. The Kabana fortress became the local Lubyanka. He ordered his subordinates to conduct interrogations at night, when the suspects resisted worse. In the first year of Castro's regime, Che Guevara ordered the execution of hundreds of people. At the same time, the executions were public, in the presence of family members.

Che Guevara was a great revolutionary. Military Che Guevara turned out to be stupid. As soon as he got power into his own hands, everything ended in failure. Only the revolution in Cuba was successful. Attempts to raise an uprising in Nicaragua, Panama, the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Bolivia have failed. In the Congo, Che Guevara entered into an alliance with two local executioners, but became entangled in disagreements and simply fled.

Che Guevara was against capitalism. In fact, the revolutionary advocated state capitalism.

Che Guevara met with John Lennon and was even going to record an album with him. First of all, it should be noted that Che Guevara was completely devoid of musical ear, he did not even distinguish tango from foxtrot. The myth appeared thanks to a photograph that has appeared in our time, where two idols of the 1960s play each other the guitar. She's actually fake. In the original, guitarist Wayne Gabriel is next to Lennon.

Che Guevara made Cuba independent. Che Guevara planned to make Cuba a colony of a foreign power. It is no coincidence that under him the country became a springboard for Soviet nuclear weapons. As the man in charge of the industrialization of Cuba, Che Guevara was never able to rid her of her "sugar" addiction.

Che Guevara advocated social equality. Che Guevara, in an attempt to create an industry in Cuba, only destroyed its economy. As a result, against the backdrop of a poor sugar cane crop, the country was on the verge of starvation. Under Che Guevara, rationed food distribution began on the island. But this form of manifestation of social equality was the result of problems in the economy, and not of social reforms.

Che Guevara was subordinate to Moscow. The revolutionary was friends with the Soviet authorities until he was asked in return for certain services for help. In 1965, Che Guevara fiercely criticized the policy of the USSR, which saw a colony in Cuba. The sides saw differently the economic paths of the island's development. Then Che Guevara turned to China, just on the eve of the Cultural Revolution. He just chose a new favorite in the socialist camp.

Che Guevara was close to the peasants. In fact, he died because he was never associated with them. "The peasant masses do not help us at all" - so he wrote in his diary while in Bolivia. Traveling through the countryside, Che Guevara was never able to ignite the fire of the revolution. The local people were realistic, remembering the failed attempt in 1952. And the peasants, instead of helping the visiting revolutionary, on the contrary, helped the authorities in his capture. They didn't really understand what the armed outsiders wanted from them.

Che Guevara respected private property. The revolutionary saw nothing wrong with the seizure of someone else's property. He ordered his associates to seize banks, because the common people have no money there. And with the fall of Batista's regime, Che Guevara immediately occupied his mansion.

Che Guevara knew how to predict the future. Che Guevara's visions of the future of Latin America were rather vague. He was mistaken in thinking that the partisans would enjoy the support of the peasants. Che Guevara predicted that in 1980 Cuba would surpass America in terms of GDP. Today, the country is surviving largely thanks to Venezuela's oil subsidies, begging for alms from the Western world. The romantic revolutionary was poorly guided by political and economic realities.

Che Guevara was against nuclear war. In fact, it was he who was one of the main creators of the warm relations between Cuba and the USSR. When the missile crisis in 1962, which almost ended in nuclear war, passed, Che Guevara was furious. He said he would launch rockets if they were in his power. And the revolutionary was ready to wage an armed struggle in Latin America even with the help of nuclear weapons. Che Guevara said that for the sake of victory he was ready to destroy America, New York, to make millions of victims.


Watch the video: Che Guevara on Face the Nation (July 2022).


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