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The Republic of Bulgaria is located in South-Eastern Europe, in the Balkans. The first settlements appeared here a long time ago. It is Plovdiv that is the oldest operating city on the continent. The settlement is already 6 thousand years old. And the first Bulgarian kingdom appeared in the 7th century. The state had to constantly fight with Byzantium, proving its right to exist.
In the XIV century Bulgaria was conquered by the Ottoman Empire. Only in 1908 did the country gain independence. Since then, she has entered numerous international organizations, took part in the First World War on the side of the Central Bloc, and in the Second World War on the side of Germany again. In the 1950s-1980s, Bulgaria followed the path of socialist construction. This was one of the few countries where Soviet tourists were allowed.
Today Bulgaria is a member of NATO and the European Union. We will try to debunk them.
On New Year's Eve at 12 o'clock, the Bulgarians turn off the lights and kiss. There are many beliefs about how the New Year is celebrated in different countries. Bulgarians were no exception. But they themselves will be amused or amused by such a story. At midnight, people in Bulgaria congratulate each other and kiss, but the lights are not turned off.
In Bulgaria, the body is in winter. Heat is a relative concept. Compared to Russia, in Bulgaria, of course, the winter is much milder. Even 10 years ago, warm cyclones passed through the Balkans, thanks to which the air temperature rose even in winter to 20 degrees. Probably, this myth was born then. But this has not been observed lately. Winters in Bulgaria are stably cold, warming is rare and short. And in 2010, there came such cold weather, which has not been remembered here for half a century. In the north of Bulgaria, snow falls in winter, and in the southern regions, near the sea, piercing winds blow. Given the high humidity, there is no need to talk about comfort.
The holiday season in Bulgaria lasts 4-5 months. This myth has no basis - it never happened. And the summer has become much shorter lately. Spring in Bulgaria is quite cold, full-fledged summer comes here in July, at best in mid-June. At the beginning of the season, the air is cool, especially in the morning and evening, the sea is cold, and the weather is capricious. Only "walruses" can swim at this time. Those who do not like the heat will be more comfortable in June. You can relax not on the beach, but on trips around the country, exploring the sights. The heat will come in July and will last until August. In September, a cold front comes here, and the temperature drops to 10-15 degrees. Then the weather stabilizes, but a cold wind comes on the coast. So the warm season in Bulgaria lasts only 3 months, and that is the maximum, taking into account the cold June. Mass seat reservations start on June 15, when the tourist season opens.
In Bulgaria, you can buy a house in a village for just a few thousand euros. This is really so, the real price of such a dwelling can be several hundred euros. Such a house will be a wreckage, the repair of which will require the same amount of money. And a foreigner will have nothing to do in a local village. Those who do not plan to live there permanently will have to spend money on protecting their home. Otherwise, by the next visit, you may not even see the walls - cunning gypsies will take everything apart brick by brick.
There are natural fruits and vegetables in Bulgaria. Natural products will be if they are bought in the village. Then there will be a guarantee that fruits and vegetables grew in someone's garden. In general, in the country, as elsewhere in the world, chemicals are used to increase productivity and protect against pests. In addition, there are almost more imported vegetables and fruits than local ones. Products are supplied mainly from Turkey and Greece.
Natural cosmetics in Bulgaria. This statement is partly true. The naturalness of local cosmetics is due to the lack of funds for the use of expensive technologies, as is customary in France. Companies producing such products were built under socialism, continuing to produce the same product. But a lot of companies appeared that began to create an outright fake. The same Bulgarian henna has little natural in its composition.
If you buy real estate in Bulgaria, you can get a residence permit. After purchasing a house or apartment in this country, the owner will not receive a residence permit, but only a long-term multivisa for one year. It gives the right to spend time in the country for 90 days every six months. Such support for owners is active in many European countries. If the apartment is purchased in an unfinished house, even if the full cost has been paid, the buyer will not have a notarial deed. He only has a preliminary sales contract with the developer. Such a document does not give the right to obtain an owner visa. This is logical, since it is not yet possible to live in an unfinished house. And those who want to live in Bulgaria permanently should apply for a residence permit. There are several grounds for this in the law, the simplest is the status of a pensioner. Any Russian in this position, who owns real estate in Bulgaria, can obtain a residence permit. True, you will have to collect a lot of documents, and the registration will take several months. For the first five years, the status will have to be renewed annually in the migration service. After that, the temporary residence permit will become permanent.
Foreigners cannot buy a house in Bulgaria, they can only rent it. The procedure for purchasing real estate in this country is the same as in many other European countries. To complete the transaction, you will need money and a passport. But when purchasing a house in a rural area, it will be necessary to register a legal entity in advance. The fact is that the land on which the building stands cannot be the property of a non-EU citizen. You cannot buy a house without land. It is not difficult to register a company, it will entail additional expenses. But the algorithm is completely simple and has been worked out for a long time, familiar to local lawyers. Local legislation allows you not to conduct commercial activities and submit zero tax returns.
In Bulgaria, cheap real estate. Russians go to Bulgaria to buy “cheap” real estate here, guided by this myth. However, the reality is a little different. In some areas and along the coast, buildings are dense. Here you can buy relatively cheap houses and apartments. But you need to understand that high-quality real estate, which always retains its liquidity, will cost a lot. But in any case, the price tag will be lower than in most Russian regions. So, an apartment "near the sea" costs 17-25 thousand euros. But it will be a small studio space, a few kilometers from the coast. But a cozy two-room apartment, in which a family can relax in summer with a sea view, will cost no less than 40 thousand euros.
It is profitable to rent Bulgarian real estate in the arena, making a profit. Those wishing to find a source of income in Bulgaria should not consider resort property as such. The supply market in the season on the Black Sea coast of the country has long been oversaturated, and offers are relevant for no more than three months. When you take into account maintenance, depreciation, advertising and customer acquisition costs, there will be no profit left. It is possible to talk about income if you rent apartments for a long time in large cities. But even then certain conditions must be met. It should be understood that when buying a home that is planned to be rented out, you cannot save. Cheap options will not be interesting to anyone.
It is possible to buy property in Bulgaria using photographs on the Internet. Gone are the days when basic options at peak demand were sold early on in construction. The finished housing market is now well developed. There are many apartments and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. It is best not to trust the photographs, but to personally inspect the alleged object. The characteristics on the site may not match the reality. It is also important to see what the environment is around the property. Is it far from here to the sea, who are the neighbors, is there a gypsy quarter or landfill nearby, how close are other houses adjoining, is the declared infrastructure functioning. If we are talking about a non-standard version, and even on the secondary market, then be sure to inspect everything personally.
Everyone in Bulgaria loves Russians. There is historical sympathy for Russians. But love is not fanatical at all - no one is ready to sacrifice their own profits for the sake of communicating with Russians. And there is nothing to be surprised at. Russian-Bulgarian friendship ends where commodity-money relations begin. Yes, and suing local citizens in local courts is a hopeless business, as even domestic stars were convinced of.
There is poor education in Bulgaria. Education in a middle-level country, appreciated in Europe. In general, they study here not as intensively as here, but it can be good. Students are spared from unnecessary subjects, knowledge of which will not be useful to them in real life.
In Bulgaria, paid medicine is expensive for foreigners. This is true, but almost all the inconveniences can be covered by insurance or packages of medical institutions. If such measures have not been taken, then you should prepare to pay 10-15 euros for a visit to the doctor. A hospital that is not covered by insurance will not be cheap.
It will be easy for those who have moved to Bulgaria to find work. It is very rare when a foreigner can work for hire and taking into account his status. And the average salary in Bulgaria is lower than in most large Russian cities.
In Bulgaria, everyone speaks Russian, and the local language itself is very similar to ours. The language is really very similar, but to understand it, you have to live here for a while. Those over 50 speak Russian well in Bulgaria. And the younger ones prefer to learn much more universal English from foreign languages. Even in banks, managers often cannot communicate with their clients in Russian.
Real estate in Bulgaria is highly liquid. Realtors convince clients that real estate can always be sold quickly, perhaps even making money on it. The housing boom in Bulgaria was in 2000-2008, when prices soared threefold. But after the global financial crisis, real estate has lost about 30% in 5 years. The volume of transactions in the real estate market collapsed 70 times! So, big problems can arise with the sale of an apartment - the supply significantly exceeds the demand.
Apartments in Bulgaria are cheap to maintain. Investors believe they have made a good deal by buying real estate in Bulgaria for cheap. In fact, people just get hooked by a local management company. They do not live on the sale of real estate, but on its maintenance in the absence of the owner. Here they take money for keeping the apartment clean, its maintenance. The owner has to pay a lot of money for this.
It will take a lot of money to register your company in Bulgaria. In 2010, the country's parliament reduced the minimum initial capital required to register a limited company. Now the amount is not 2,500 euros, but only 1 euro. This decision became part of the anti-crisis measures taken.
Foreign and international companies are treated differently. Companies with foreign participation work exactly according to the same rules as local ones. And Bulgaria has signed tax agreements with 67 countries.
The economic situation in Bulgaria is unstable. The local currency, the lion, is pegged to the euro. This helps maintain macroeconomic stability. The progress achieved in the economy is assessed by the largest rating agencies, which allows investments to come to the country.
Bulgaria has a low-skilled and expensive labor force. There are talented and educated people in this country who are ready to work. The wage rate is one of the lowest in Europe. 43 universities and specialized colleges in 16 cities of the country are responsible for the training of qualified personnel.
Foreigners need a special permit to work in Bulgaria. After the republic joined the European Union in 2007, citizens from EU member states can freely move around Bulgaria, including working there without any permission.
Transport is poorly developed in the country. Currently, the country's transport network has been repaired. This is how Bulgaria benefited from joining the European Union. As a result, the road network has improved quickly and qualitatively. There are 4 international airports, the largest of which is in Sofia. The airport in Plovdiv receives mostly charter flights, while Varna and Burgas operate with local lines and summer charters. Bulgaria also owns the two largest ports on the Black Sea - Varna and Burgas. It is the transport gateway for the east-west corridor.
It is difficult to register your company in Bulgaria. Registration of limited liability companies or joint stock companies here takes 5-10 working days from the date of submission of documents to the register. In the ranking of ease of doing business, Bulgaria in 2010 took 50 out of 183 places.
There are no foreign investors in Bulgaria. The country's economic stability and its accession to the EU made Bulgaria attractive for investment. Most often, money comes from Germany, Russia, Austria and Greece. The main investment sectors are real estate, construction, information technology, software development, tourism.