In nature, the fastest and strongest usually wins. Unsurprisingly, some animals choose to act in other, roundabout, more cunning ways.
As a result, there are beasts with highly specialized and incredible abilities. Their adaptation to their environment allows them to deceive their victims. They do not even suspect about the danger that is lurking very close. When the victim discovers his killer, it’s too late. Below are some of the most amazing deceiving living creatures created by nature.
Tempting tail. In Mexico and Central America, there is a snake called the cantil. She outwardly resembles the American copper-headed viper. The cantile bite is very poisonous, as a result of it hemorrhage is formed, kidney failure is possible. If the victim does not receive urgent medical attention within a few hours, she will die. Wise snakes prefer to conserve their venom exclusively for prey. They feed on small animals, which include birds, frogs, lizards and even some mammals. Cantile is not as fast as a cobra - it has a heavy and short body, which does not allow to quickly chase after prey. Therefore, nature has awarded such a snake with a cunning gift, which helps to lure victims into its trap. The cantile has a whitish or bright yellow tip on the tail. By moving it, the snake imitates a wriggling worm. Such a bait easily deceives small animals, which are suitable for the role of a victim. All that remains is to let the naive hunters come closer and use their deadly poison. Several other snakes use a similar trick, but this viper is the most famous deceiver of them.
Turtle with crocodile jaws. Few can imagine a dangerous predator in a turtle. Meanwhile, in North America, such an animal lives in fresh water, which reaches a weight of 100 kilograms. The vulture turtle has chosen rivers, lakes and swamps, mainly in the Mississippi basin. The animal cannot pursue its prey, but it has claws and a sharp jaw. To catch its victims, this turtle uses a cunning hunting technique. The predator is motionless in the water, resembling a safe rock from the side. In this case, the jaws of the turtle are wide open. The tongue has a fleshy, bright red appendage that resembles a worm. He wriggles, luring fish to him. They try to grab prey, falling instead into the powerful jaws of the turtle. This clever technique works best during daylight hours when the prey can see the bait well. At night, the turtle switches to another type of hunting - any slow living creature or even carrion gets into its mouth.
Bearded shark. This shark is one of the most interesting in its family. Originally from Australia, it is there that she got her nickname "wobbegong", which means shaggy beard. Unlike most of its congeners, this predator moves slowly and does not know how to pursue its prey. The shark prefers to hide motionless on the seabed. This is facilitated by their successful protective coloration, which helps to hide from both other predators and potential prey. Fleshy appendages are located around the jaw of the predator, which look like a beard. They have a double benefit. The silhouette of the shark softens even more against the background of the bottom, and improves camouflage. Yes, and small fish are interested in such formations, they swim into the reach of a predator. But one of the species of bearded shark uses a different cunning technique, more active. In fact, these are the same actions as the above-mentioned viper. The shark snaps its tail, thereby tricking small fish and luring them into a trap. The bearded predator is very flexible, it can turn around in a matter of moments. Any fish interested in the intently clicking tail becomes prey in seconds. In addition, the tail is unusual - it has a slight branching at the tip and a dark spot similar to the eye. The bait is very similar to fish. The bearded shark reaches 3.5 meters in length, but people need not be afraid of it - we are simply not interested in it.
Angler. Deep underwater lives a fish known for its scary looks and strange reproductive skills. The monkfish is the most famous bait predator. Curiously, this technique is peculiar only to females. A modified spine acts as bait. It protrudes just above the mouth of a predator, like a fisherman's hook. At the end of such a formation there is an organ that looks like an onion. It houses luminescent bacteria that, like a firefly, generate blue-green light. The scary fish's skin does not reflect blue light, but absorbs it. As a result, only the hook itself is visible in the water column, while the monkfish itself remains invisible. The bait attracts fish to itself, but as soon as they approach the light, a predator jumps out of the darkness and swallows the prey. Interestingly, the monkfish has such flexible bones and stomach that it can swallow prey twice its size!
Tentacle snake. Such a snake has been found in Southeast Asia. Its habitat is water, and its food is fish. The main feature of such a creature is strange fleshy tentacles located on the head. The processes are very sensitive, with its help the snake catches any movement in the water, attacking the fish that is nearby. Another interesting feature of the predator is its incredible attack speed. It takes only 15 milliseconds to capture the loot. But fish are also equipped with strong protective reflexes, so even speed does not always help to achieve success. That is why the snake uses cunning tricks to get the prey to move towards it. Sensing the approach of a fish, the bent snake begins to wiggle its body slightly. The fish immediately flees, but this is exactly what the snake expects, quickly turning its head so that the fish itself swims into its mouth.
Green heron. If the aforementioned predators use the features of their bodies as bait, then the green heron is deprived of such an advantage. But an intelligent and quick-witted bird has learned to hunt fish with the help of improvised means. In order to attract fish, the bird leaves something edible or interesting on the surface of the water. Small fish swim closer to eat or just look, and immediately fall into the bird's beak. This technique is not common to all green herons, only the smartest. These tricksters even experiment with different types of bait. Some herons steal bread from ducks, which people feed them, and then use it for their hunting. Other birds use small fish as bait, thereby getting the opportunity to catch larger ones. How green herons learned to fish with bait, no one knows. Some scientists believe that these birds adopted this skill from humans. Perhaps herons are just very observant, having learned to use the fact that small fish flock around any object that falls into the water. In any case, this behavior is not instinctive, which makes the green heron an intelligent and cunning predator.
The cheating bug. Hunter bugs, oddly enough for us, are one of the most deadly hunting insects. Although they are not very fast, they have many different inventive hunting methods in their arsenal. Some bugs disguise themselves as ants, thus getting an excellent opportunity to hunt for themselves. Others use disguise to hide in ambush from their prey. Among the amazing hunter bugs, those that feed on spiders stand out. When a hunter finds a web, he begins to swing it with his paws, sending impulses similar to the vibrations of a victim caught in the net. The spider decides that it is time to feast on its prey, but he himself falls into the clutches of a predator. Deception is cruel in its unexpectedness.
Noses. These animals, also known as coati, belong to the raccoon family and are common in Latin America. Females and cubs usually live in large groups, while males prefer to live alone. Animals feed mainly on worms, fruits, insects, and bird eggs. However, noses have strong claws and large fangs, which makes it possible for them to hunt even larger animals. It is no coincidence that the coati's favorite dish is the green iguana. This large lizard lives in trees, which contributes to its deception. Coati in their hunt use group deception followed by capture. Some noos climb the tree, frightening the iguana. The lizard jumps down, where another group of predators is already waiting for it. Unfortunately for iguanas, they have the instinct to jump to the ground from a tree whenever in danger. Thus, the coati trick becomes, although simple, very effective.
Fireflies fight for survival. Everyone knows the ability of fireflies to produce light. Such bioluminescence is a means of communication for insects and an opportunity to attract attention. So, the fireflies Photinus, differ between females and males. Females have short wings, unlike their males, they cannot fly. When mating season arrives, males will glow and blink to attract females. Those in response flare up too. Each species has its own unique glow, which helps them easily find each other. The Photuris fireflies, on the other hand, are more cunning. Their females imitate the glow of the Photinus females, attracting foreign males. When they fly to the call of love, a strange female attacks them and eats the poor fireflies. Photuris females, called females females, receive not only food, but also protection thanks to this skill. After all, males of Photinus possess a certain chemical that scares away predators such as spiders and birds from insects. But Photuris are deprived of such chemical protection, therefore they eat unfortunate relatives. The main thing is not to confuse your male with a stranger.
A wannabe of voices. The ancient Romans believed that there was a monster named Crocotti. They believed that the creature was from either India or Ethiopia. Crocotti looked like a wolf, but he knew how to imitate human speech. When the monster was hungry, he made his way to the villages and listened to the conversations of people near the houses. The creature eventually remembered someone's name, then called him into the forest and devoured it there. Such a chilling performance, however, is just a hyped version of the real beast - the hyena. After all, they really know how to make sounds that resemble human ones. But hyenas don't know how to talk. And the term "crocotti" even entered science, being the official name of this animal. But among the predators, there is one who actually imitates the voices of their victims, luring them. More recently, scientists have discovered that such a talent is possessed by the margi, a small woody feline. He lives in Mexico, South and Central America and knows how to imitate the voices of little monkeys in trouble. Such sounds attract agitated adult primates, which the margi then attacks. When scientists saw this behavior of a predator in the forests of Brazil, they were very surprised. But the local natives - not at all. They also told scientists that margas can imitate the sounds of other animals. These include a wingless bird with tinami, and a large rodent, an agouti. This cunning behavior is directly related to the psychology of the animal, which needs to be investigated. Perhaps our pets can be taught to speak.
Spotted angler. Inhabitants of the Amazon basin note that one of the jaguar's favorite delicacies is fish. To catch it, the predator uses a cunning trick. The jaguar lowers its tail into the water, its movements imitating a floating insect or a fallen fruit. Soon, the fish swim closer to the surface to explore the bait. The jaguar immediately pulls curious victims out of the water with his paw. Although this behavior of the animal is not a secret for indigenous peoples, scientists cannot observe it, confirming it as a fact.